Organizational and Individual Determinants of Atypical Employment: the Case of Multiple Jobholding and Self-employment in Canada


  • Gilles Simard ESG UQAM
  • Denis Chênevert HEC Montréal


organizational, atypical employment, jobholdings, self-employment, canada, individual


The growing need for organizational flexibility has prompted increasing recourse to atypical work. Multiple jobholding and self-employment are atypical work forms that have particularly intrigued researchers. Using data compiled by Statistics Canada, we have identified factors that influence the probability of belonging to these two categories of atypical employment. Our results suggest that the influence factors are not identical for the two non-standard job categories studied. Sector of activity, gender and the absence of promotion considerably affect the probability of joining the ranks of the self-employed, whereas professional category and frequency of movement significantly influence the probability of belonging to the multiple jobholder group. The populations engaging in these two forms of atypical work are not homogeneous.


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How to Cite

Simard, G., & Chênevert, D. (2010). Organizational and Individual Determinants of Atypical Employment: the Case of Multiple Jobholding and Self-employment in Canada. Canadian Journal of Career Development, 9(1), 25–33. Retrieved from