Canadian Journal of Career Development 2022-06-06T05:11:07-07:00 Diana Boyd Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>Canadian Journal of Career Development</em> is a peer-reviewed publication of multi-sectoral career-related academic research and best practices from Canada and around the world. </p> From the Editor's Desk 2022-01-21T07:08:54-08:00 Rob Shea <p><strong>Greetings from the Editor-In-Chief and the Associate Editor. To read the full message please open the PDF link. </strong></p> <p>I am extremely proud to announce that this is a special anniversary year for the Canadian Journal of Career Development/ Revue canadienne de développement de carrière. It is our 20<sup>th</sup> anniversary!</p> <p>In 2002, Volume 1, Number 1 was launched in Ottawa, Canada at the National Consultation on Career Development conference. As they say - the rest is history.</p> <p>It truly has been a ‘field of dreams’ experience. From the initial ideation that Canada was the purveyor of significant research, best practices, and leadership in this sector yet we did not have our own Journal of Career Development, to today with in excess of 10,000 loyal readers. In 2002 we had no membership. We did, however, have a lot of goodwill and the vision of career practitioners, researchers, and students who were hungry for such an open-access publication.</p> <p>In the first editorial I wrote, I have “feelings of awe, honour, and responsibility that have permeated my thoughts over the past 4 years as we began the onerous task of creating Canada's first peer-reviewed journal of career development." I still have those feeling twenty years later.</p> <p>There will be a forthcoming announcement on how we will celebrate this milestone for the career development community in Canada. Stay tuned!</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development Employability Skill Development: Faculty Members’ Perspectives in Non-Professional Programs 2021-03-09T07:34:29-08:00 Emily Gregory Heather Kanuka <p>The purpose of this study was to explore faculty perspectives about employability and employability skill development through curricular activities in non-professional programs. Using pre and post semi-structured interviews, this study embedded employability skills in three academic courses to gain insight into faculty members’ perspectives on employability skill development. Results reveal that the faculty members involved in the study addressed employability to differing degrees in their courses, yet each recognized the importance for students. The outcomes of this study support the need for the development of employability initiatives in higher education and highlights that faculty members can benefit from support in identifying and assessing the employability skills practiced in academic courses.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development Oppressions and Systemic Barriers in Helping Marginalized Populations 2021-05-18T09:36:59-07:00 Isabelle Langlois Patrizia Villotti <p>Adopting an intersectional perspective, this scoping review looked at what the literature of the past five years has identified in terms of barriers arising from different systems of oppression that reduce the inclusivity of helping services for marginalized populations. The analysis of the results of the 13 articles selected revealed the presence of barriers and discrimination in social and human services for adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder without intellectual disabilities (barriers arising from ableism); for individuals experiencing homelessness and working class people (barriers arising from capitalism and classism); for Black people (barriers arising from racism); for people whose sexual orientation diverges from heteronormative norms including older people (barriers arising from heterosexism, heteronormativity, homophobia and ageism); and for people whose gender identity or expression diverges from cisnormative norms (barriers arising from cissexism, transphobia and enbyphobia). This portrait of systemic barriers emerging from the recent literature raises an important need for action to support career development professionals to better consider systems of oppression in order to intervene in a more inclusive and intersectional manner.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development Psychosocial Risks and Subjective Well-Being in the Canadian Workplace 2021-07-26T06:50:45-07:00 Stephane Moulin <p>This article puts forward a new typology of workers, based on an enhanced set of indicators of psychosocial risks and well-being, and examines the character traits associated with each class membership. This article innovates by simultaneously taking into account how hostile behaviours, poor working conditions and employment precariousness are associated with different subjective measures of well-being. This study uses a person-centered approach by conducting latent class analysis on a representative sample of 5,867 Canadian employees. Six distinct clusters are revealed: “heavily suffering”, “unfulfilled precarious”, “unhealthy stressed”, “untroubled harassed”, “optimistic precarious” and “not exposed”. This article thus shows that it is not harassment or lack of social benefits <em>per se</em> that affect workers’ well-being. It demonstrates that workers’ well-being deteriorates only when hostile behaviours/conflicts and poor working/employment conditions overlap. Binary logistic regression analyses reveal that, controlling for other worker characteristics, this typology of workers is related to work ethic and resilience. The results suggest two key trends: overlapping exposure to precariousness, procedural injustice and poor prospects for career advancement reduces hard work ethic, while overlapping exposure to hostile behaviour/conflicts and competition reduces resilience.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development Career Information Practices of Guidance Practitioners 2021-10-05T09:20:46-07:00 Eddy Supeno Sabruna Dorceus Geneviève Rivard Yann Le Corff Sylvain Bourdon <p>Although career development theories underline the central role of information in career choice and studies show that guidance practitioners are among the main information sources of people making career choices, the actual information practices of these practitioners in their career interventions remain fragmented. Moreover, the studies on the theme of career choice associating information, information sources and information practices (whether it is among guidance practitioners or individuals in career choice) offer little conceptualization on these notions. In order to fill this gap, an online survey of 330 guidance practitioners in Quebec was conducted to document specifically their career information practices (information sources consulted and categories of career information sought). Statistical analysis show that the main career information sought relates to central elements of career choice (training programs and occupations) and the main information sources consulted are non-human and institutional. In addition, some contextual elements are associated with seeking and selecting certain categories of information and sources. The discussion highlights the importance of digital sources in the information practices of these practitioners, the association between the populations served and the choice of information sources and categories of career information and the role of co-workers as information support on career and beyond.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development A Needs Assessment of Virtual Career Practitioners 2021-10-05T09:15:52-07:00 Erica Fae Thomson Bennett King-Nyberg Janet Morris-Reade Cassie Taylor Roberta Borgen (Neault) <p>Like many other professionals, career development practitioners (CDPs) in British Columbia were forced to transition their services to virtual delivery at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2012, a BC Centre for Employment Excellence sponsored study found that among various delivery methods, virtual services were least preferred by practitioners (Neault &amp; Pickerell, 2013). The rapid shift to virtual work in 2020, unsurprisingly, left CDPs uneasy, unprepared, and unaware of how best to move forward. This research conducted a needs assessment of CDPs through a comprehensive survey based on the new pan-Canadian competency framework (Canadian Career Development Foundation [CCDF], 2021) and nine focus groups with practitioners working with underrepresented populations in the workforce. We found a small effect of age on how difficult CDPs found the move to virtual services - older CDPs found it more difficult than younger CDPs - and numerous areas of challenge for practitioners of all demographics. This report identifies which areas and competencies of service delivery have become easier for CDPs since the move to virtual services, and which areas have become harder, supporting survey results with focus group conversations. </p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development Bridging the Disconnect Between Academic Institutions and Employers in the 4th Industrial Revolution 2021-08-26T07:19:36-07:00 Nicole Rakowski <p>The skills gap is widening and causing greater inequality in the today’s workplace. Bridging the disconnect between academic institutions and employers in the 4th industrial revolution is of critical importance to the success of our current market.</p> <p>Combining and analyzing both qualitative data gathered from key focus groups and a literature review, it is evident that a commitment to self- directed learning requires students and faculty to both understand the value of empowering learning, and to take increased responsibility for decision making. Academic institutions need to address skills required to become self-directed learners and must present students with the environment that lets them be more self-directed. Employers on the other hand must provide institutions with the skills they require upon hiring.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development A Pathway Model of Emotionally-Associated Predictors of US College Students’ Career Indecision 2021-08-12T09:21:36-07:00 Seungyeon Lee Magnus A Gray Minsung Kim <p>This small-scale study establishes a pathway model to explain how variables with emotional content affect career indecision in higher education. We investigated a total of 240 undergraduate students and a pathway model of direct and indirect effects surrounding career indecision was made by using structural equation modeling (SEM). Our pathway model shows a positive direct effect of procrastination on career indecision (β = .13, p &lt; .001), with negative direct effects on EI, life satisfaction, CDSE, and planning, in terms of career conflict. EI shows a positive correlation with CDSE (β = .51, p &lt; .001). Findings indicate that emotionally-related variables are good predictors of psychology students’ career concerns.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development The Role of Sport-Life Balance and Well-Being on Athletic Performance 2021-08-13T08:02:32-07:00 Katrina Monton Anna-Maria Broomes Sophie Brassard Patricia Hewlin <p>The present study explores the role of sport-life balance and well-being on athletic performance. Canadian athletes who competed at the 2019 Pan American and Para Pan American Games in Lima, Peru were invited to participate in the survey via email. A mixed-methods design was utilized, consisting of an online survey and semi-structured, follow-up interviews. The sample consisted of 72 athletes, spanning eighteen different sports. Our findings demonstrate that while many Olympic and Paralympic athletes are successful in maintaining a strong support network, significant concerns arose regarding meagre finances, a lack of free time, and minimal support both within and outside of sport. Perspectives on the benefits of sport-life balance on performance were mixed, with the majority of athletes revealing that they were unsure of the benefits, did not experience benefits, or experienced negative effects. Feelings of dissatisfaction with performance, experiences of being overwhelmed in managing an athletic career, and tensions in developing a self outside of sport were prevalent among the athletes.</p> 2022-02-01T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Journal of Career Development