Career Decision-Making Difficulties of First-Year Students


  • Tracy Morgan University of Manitoba
  • David Ness University of Manitoba


career decision making, first year student, university, canadian, student


First-year university students often experience career indecision and related career decision-making difficulties. Gati, Krausz, and Osipow (1996) developed a taxonomy for understanding the various difficulties contributing to career indecision. The focus of the current study was to examine their taxonomy with a Canadian sample of university students in relation to career decision-making self-efficacy, sex-role identification, and stage of identity development. Our results indicated a significant negative correlation between career decision-making difficulties and self-efficacy, which discriminated among degree of career indecision and whether or not students had changed their career plans since attending university. Also, there were some significant sex-role orientation and stage of identity differences for some of these variables. Implications for career counsellors are discussed.


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How to Cite

Morgan, T., & Ness, D. . (2003). Career Decision-Making Difficulties of First-Year Students. Canadian Journal of Career Development, 2(1), 32–39. Retrieved from